Read Twin Tollans: Chichen Itza, Tula, and the Epiclassic to Early Postclassic Mesoamerican World by Jeff Karl Kowalski Cynthia Kristan-Graham George J. Bey III Victor H. Bolaños Rafael Cobos Patricia Fournier David A. Freidel Susan Gillespie Online

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Chichen Itza and Tula have long been conceived as "twin cities"--paired political capitals that share so many aspects of architectural plan, sculptural repertory, and iconographical motifs that they represent a unique case of cultural contact and artistic convergence in ancient Mesoamerica. This volume (originally published in 2007) revisits long-standing questions regardiChichen Itza and Tula have long been conceived as "twin cities"--paired political capitals that share so many aspects of architectural plan, sculptural repertory, and iconographical motifs that they represent a unique case of cultural contact and artistic convergence in ancient Mesoamerica. This volume (originally published in 2007) revisits long-standing questions regarding the relationship between Chichen Itza and Tula. Hailed as a "must read," it quickly became a fundamental source for all Mesoamericanists.Rather than approaching these cities through earlier notions of migrations and conquests, the volume considers their roles in the social, political, and economic relationships that emerged during the transition from the Epiclassic to the Early Postclassic period. The seventeen contributors utilize archaeological, art historical, anthropological, epigraphical, and ethnohistorical methods to demonstrate that the rise and florescence of the "twin cities" was the result of their success in adapting to complex processes of cultural change. These adaptations, along with the development of new types of political systems and the use of innovative visual and symbolic systems, permitted Chichen Itza and Tula to emerge as dominant powers in Mesoamerica between the Epiclassic and Early Postclassic periods....

Title : Twin Tollans: Chichen Itza, Tula, and the Epiclassic to Early Postclassic Mesoamerican World
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ISBN : 9780884023722
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 522 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

Twin Tollans: Chichen Itza, Tula, and the Epiclassic to Early Postclassic Mesoamerican World Reviews

  • Kate
    2019-04-25 16:37

    It has the latest findings and thoughts on Tula and Chichen Itza, well written. A bit harder to read and understand as it was intended for fellow archaeologists not just the general reader. I did enjoy it.