Read A History of European Socialism by Albert S. Lindemann Online


"This is a serious and accomplished synthesis. . . . Biographical vignettes enliven the presentation of ideas, and references to studies of regional diversities . . . give the narrative an uncommonly rich texture. . . . Lucid and illuminating. . . . It is the best book on the subject to put into the hands of our students."—Helmut Gruber, International Labor and Working Cla"This is a serious and accomplished synthesis. . . . Biographical vignettes enliven the presentation of ideas, and references to studies of regional diversities . . . give the narrative an uncommonly rich texture. . . . Lucid and illuminating. . . . It is the best book on the subject to put into the hands of our students."—Helmut Gruber, International Labor and Working Class History"A synthetic narrative by a young academic scholar . . . who has independent ideas on an important subject. . . . This book is worth reading if for no other reason than its modest, but nonpatronizing rehabilitation from generations of Marxist caricature of a host of deeply democratic European socialists."—James H. Billington, Washington Post Book World"One asset of this book is its lack of the overbearing personal partisanship one finds in so many historical studies of socialism. . . . [Lindeman incorporates] some recent and inaccessible studies in social history written ‘from the bottom up.’"—David D’Arcy, World View"As a whole, Lindemann offers a more balanced treatment of the ideas and the movement of socialism than found in many extant histories. . . . A must for all college and university libraries."—Choice"A competent and fair-minded study of a controversial subject. It presents much factual material and judicious interpretation in lucid prose."—L. S. Stavrianos, Los Angeles Times Book Review...

Title : A History of European Socialism
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ISBN : 9780300032468
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 386 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

A History of European Socialism Reviews

  • James
    2019-02-07 12:16

    Lindemann traces the evolution of socialism from socialist impulses of the French Revolution and earlier, to the ideological formation in the 1830s, to its development into fullblown ideological outlooks encompassing Marxism, Anarchism, Syndicalism, Democratic Socialism in the latter 19th Century, to its splitting into feuding factions following the rise of Bolshevism, up through the second world war. He argues that it differentiated itself from liberalism or conservativism in being usually secular, accepting modernization and modernism, but calling for private property to be abolished (though differing on the ways to do that and how it was to be accomplished.) Chapter one looks to the early socialist impulses in the 18th century before the word was applied, especially in the French Revolution with theorists like Babeuf and the san-culottists, who called for strictly equal society and total abolition of private property, which scared liberals. Chapter two moves to the first socialists in the first half of the 19th century up to the Revolutions of 1848, as its ideas move from small circles of intellectuals to lower class organizations in response to the poor conditions of industrialization. English poor laws caused socialists to fight back and were influential in early labor unions. In the 2nd Republic, after the 1848 Revolution, the 2nd Republic quickly moved to suppress socialists who had pushed for the Revolution. Chapter 3 explores the maturation of socialism in 1850-1870, as Marx formulated his thought pattern and helped form the 1st International, which also led to the rival Anarchists who called for abolition of the state as well as capitalism. The Paris Commune uprising and suppression lead to serious study by socialists as to the possibilities of Revolution and the mistakes. Lenin, for instance, Lindemann argues, was deeply influenced by the Commune’s suppression and vowed to seize the day. Chapter four looks to Socialist currents as a major force from 1870-1914, as capitalism endured a long depression from 1873 until the early 1890s. The second international had a variety of strains, such as revolutionaries, reformists, evolutionaries, propaganda by the deed, unionists, and more. It ends when the social democrats who had been elected as socialist parties, all vote for the war effort, despite efforts to oppose it.Chapter five, spanning 1914-1922 then argues that Communism was birthed in this vacuum of war and out of the revolution, though ultimately the left was deeply divided by the tactics of the Bolsheviks, such as dropping out of the war and jailing its socialist rivals. Chapter six looks back at the evolution of the Democratic Socialists, who were weakened by the appearance of the rise of the Bolsheviks, but Lindemann also argues that the Communist Parties generally received all the militants, which meant that reformist elements in Social Democratic Parties gained domination, and emphasized majority rule to set itself apart from conspiratorial minority rule. Chapter seven then looks at how the Soviet Union developed into hardline Stalinist Communism, as Stalin outmaneuvered all his rivals within the old Bolshevik Party and gained utter control. It specifically looks at the overall Communist strategic and ideological swings: 1) The United Front from 1921-1928, in which the Comintern ordered parties to concentrate on economic well being of workers and to rebuild socialist movements instead of outright revolutionary struggle, which reflected the New Economic Policy in the Soviet Union of limited capitalism. 1928-34 was a period of hardening class against class, and noncooperation with non-Marxist-Leninists. Finally, chapter 8 covers 1934-39 which was the Popular Front against Fascism, in which all leftist groups worked together against fascism, with mixed results, such as electoral victories in Spain and France but both of which were eventually defeated by war with fascism (though in very different manners.) Fascism itself was a general anti-modern corporatist movement of lower rural middle classes allied with industrialists against urban working class power and socialist organizing. Chapter nine finally ends with Socialism and Communism since World War II until the publication of the volume in 1983, very briskly. The rise of Eurocommunism meant that western Communist Parties openly disagreed with the Soviet Union, plus heavy handedness of the Soviets towards their Eastern European satellites discredited the soviets as a liberatory force, especially after its invasions of Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968. The Communist Party also helped suppress student alliances with workers in France in 1968. Overall, the volume effectively goes to 1945, as when it was published in 1983, the Cold War had effectively just a few years left.Key Themes and Concepts-Anarchism, Marxism, Syndicalism, Marxism-Leninism, Social Democracy are all socialist variants, even if in practice they vary greatly. Hard rivalries between variants are almost family squabbles compared to their hatred for capitalism. The rivalries did help decimate socialism as a whole.-Modern socialists are generally secular, collectivist, anti-private property, and accept the Industrial Revolution. They are influenced by the Enlightenment and Romantic reaction.-The only place where democratic socialism was enacted effectively electorally was in Sweden prior to WWII.