Read 1 2 by Lion Feuchtwanger Владимир Мусаков Online

----1-2

Започва последната четвърт на ХVІІІ век. Предреволюционна Франция се вълнува от войната на 13-те американски колонии за независимост. В тънката игра на надмощие между Англия и Франция се намесват все повече интереси. На фона на нарастващото напрежение, две велики личности - Пиер дьо Бомарше и Бенджамин Франклин - ловко насочват хода на събитията....

Title : 1 2
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 24777799
Format Type : Hardcover
Number of Pages : 934 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

1 2 Reviews

  • Andrei Tamaş
    2019-02-18 17:46

    "Vulpile în vie" (sau "Arme pentu America") este cu desăvârşire cel mai bun roman de factură istorică pe care l-am citit... Cât de subtil poate fi subiectul: autorul -ilustru istoric al secolului XX- tratează un subiect sensibil: revoluţia (iniţial, în orice formă a ei). Ulteroir, conceptul de revoluţie devine ambiguu. Ce este, de fapt, revoluţia? În jurul cui se cristalizează ea? Hai să luăm un exemplu recent, concret: Revoluţia Română din 1989 (hai să-i spunem revoluţie, măcar să ţină de fundal pentru acest exemplu). Aşadar... ce Dumnezeu a însemnat Revoluţia din '89? Executarea lui Ceaşcă'? Revenirea la proprietatea privată? Schimbarea unor figuri vechi cu altele noi, în alte funcţii? :). Feuchtwanger ne spune că nu. După el -concepţie pe care am moştenit-o- revoluţia nu se face brusc, într-un moment ce se poate stabili de realitatea imediată. Revoluţia -în orice formă a ei- necesită un antrenament ideologic (al maselor) în prealabil...Desigur, în acest vast volum, Feuchtwanger nu tratează Revoluţia Anticomunistă, ci revoluţia burghezo-democratică a coloniilor din America de Nord şi (prin analogie) Revoluţia Franceză din 1789.Aşadar, revin la teza susţinută, sumar, mai sus. Ce a însemnat, de fapt, independenţa Americană? Faptul că s-au luat aia la bătaie prin portul Boston, "partida de ceai", Congresul de la Filadelfia, încrucişările de la Saratoga şi, ulterior, cele de la Yorktown?!Sigur, înainte de toate, orice revoluţie necesită angrenarea unui sentiment de revoltă împotriva cuiva (iar acest "cuiva", oricât l-am condamna noi, este vital oricărei revoluţii, căci fără el nu s-ar înfăptui nicio revoluţie). Populaţia din coloniile engleze de pe coastele "lumii noi" s-a revoltat împotriva metropolei deoarece coloniştii nu erau reprezentaţi în Parlamentul britanic. Ei! Abia acum începe "acţiunea" romanului. Totul se petrece în Franţa, cu preponderenţă la Paris, cititorul fiind plimbat de la Versailles la reşedinţa temporară a lui Benjamin Franklin. Legătura cu evenimentele extraeuropene este făcută prin scrisori şi naratorul nu se "deplasează" nicăieri. Sosirea lui Franklin la Paris deschide calea înfăţişării machiavelismului (politic). În jurul său se cristalizează întreaga societate iluministă a Parislui. Ideile clocotinde ale iluministilor circulau în întreaga Europă (a propos, Voltaire apare în roman ca personaj bine conturat şi deseori prezent: cred că este un motiv întemeiat să te facă să citeşti cartea). Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais, autorul "Nunţii lui Figaro" şi al "Bărbierului din Sevilia" apare şi el. Întreaga intelectualitate -ce dracu!- complotează pentru susţinerea SUA, a "fiilor libertăţii", folosindu-se chiar de mâna regelui francez, Ludovic al XVI-lea. Soţia regelui, Maria Antoneta, vagaboanta respectivă ce-şi clădise Trianonul falimentând Franţa şi lăsând goale burţile parizienilor (scuzat să-mi fie limbajul licenţios, dar nu mă pot abţine în cazuri extreme, mai ales în cele ce au consecinţe atât de murdare) este monumental conturată. Romanul lui Feuchtwanger reprezintă, aşadar, veriga care face trecerea de la orânduirea feudală la sistemul burghezo-democratic (cel puţin în SUA). Merită citit, iar eu îl recomand cu toată afabilitatea-mi. Şi mă revolt împotriva faptului că Lion Feuchtwanger este un autor foarte puţin cunoscut!!! *Dacă are cineva impresia că recenzia curentă e spoiler, trebuie să-l anunţ că nu am spus nimic, în comparaţie cu profunda natură a romanului.*Andrei Tamaş20 februarie 2016

  • Genia Lukin
    2019-01-20 09:34

    The more I read Feuchtwanger, the more I realize that the coveted status of 'classic' isn't about merit; it's about a combination of luck, good publicity, and, preferably, being written in the English language. Because while few people deserve the title more, few are likely to get it less. Go and try to find a Feuchwanger book in any sort of accessible fashion; I dare you. You will be lucky if your library - progressive people that they are - have ti tucked away in a dusty corner. Most likely, you will be far less likely, and would have to rummage around bookstores to find a rare - and unaffordable - vintage edition.It's possible, up to a certain point, to suppose that Feuchtwanger, while a good writer, perhaps, is only interesting to a niche audience. To wit, he only writes for Jews. Like other fantastic and not terribly known books like Steinberg's As A Driven Leaf, much of his creation is rather culturally focused. It's a poor excuse for an excuse, mind you, but at least you could theoretically wave your arms defiantly screaming "I'm not Jewish, what do I know?"Sadly, the argument fails with Foxes in A Vineyard or - as its uninspiring, English title dubs it - Proud Destiny (because what readers could possibly understand literary allusions?). This book hasn't got a single Jewish character in it. Whom does it have? Well, Ben Franklin, for one. King Louis of France and Marie-Antoinette, for another. And most of the European Enlightenment elite, for a third.Feuchtwanger, as is his custom, focuses upon a real historical event; the birth of the United States of America. Writing from that selfsame country in the aftermath of WWII, he cannot but draw certain parallels with tyranny, freedom, and the American revolution. Writing as a modern man looking back upon the events of centuries past, he cannot help but write with a hindsight perspective, which attributes to his characters, and slyly inserts into his writing, the foreknowledge of events to come. He makes Louis, the indecisive, somewhat reactionary king of France, into the mouthpiece of inevitability, which the other characters populating the story completely fail to grasp.This is not an uncommon trick for Feuchtwanger, who is always busy working out the themes of the present in the mirror of the past. Though he claims in the afterward for his own book that 'a cigar is just a cigar', and that a writer of historical romance can choose a situation in history without identifying with the principles guiding it, it's quite clear that he has rather a lot to say concerning the Republican (in the old meaning of the word) principles playing a role in the creation of the United States. He notes that, while his book is fillled with their actions, neither Franklin nor Beaumarchais nor Louis are the heroes of his story. The main hero of his story is Progress. And Progress, which, he says, has been temporarily abandoned in the XX century, is an inevitable, driving historical force. This book is about progress, coming despite the best - and worst - intentions of all concerned. Throughout the book we see Progress born and struggling even though sometimes its own admirers hinder, rather than help.Surely this is a topic that should interest anyone.So why isn't he more widely known and read? Call my analysis uninsightful, but I lay blame at whomsoever was insane enough to change the original, German titles, into their uninspired English selves. What would you, after all, rather read? A book called The Jewess of Toledo, or The Spanish Ballad? I know what my reaction to 'The Jewess of Toledo' would be. Don't be fooled, though, despite its prosaic English name - Proud Destiny - inside the book is still the gripping story of the greatest political upheaval the world has ever known, and it deserves to be read.

  • Julia
    2019-02-04 10:43

    Another Goodreads review of this novel put forth a sentiment that I quite enjoyed, namely, the idea that Proud Destiny's true protagonist is not one of its many strong-willed characters, but instead Progress itself. It's a romantic idea, something that Pierre de Beaumarchais himself could have raised a glass to. The original edition of the story, however, was titled Foxes in the Vineyard: a more playful, less grandiose approach to the tale, more apropos to Benjamin Franklin, perhaps. It is with this lens that I choose to regard the book.Proud Destiny is occupied by a gloriously vast and varied cast, and this is where Feuchtwanger's art shines. Each historical figure, from king Louis of France to America's John Adams to the philosophically brilliant Voltaire, is represented with impressive depth. It would be very easy, in a novel of this length, for the author's point of view to bleed evenly through the perspective of every character; Feuchtwanger avoids this. Every personage feels real. I found my opinions changing between paragraphs as I inhabited different minds, often ones who contradicted each other completely. With such a range of dutifully presented personalities, every reader is bound to find at least one character to resonate with. I was personally drawn to the naive abilities of Marie Antoinette, the lively passion of Pierre Caron de Beaumarchais, and the determination of the actress Desirée Mesnard. Others may find themselves swayed by the quick wit of Benjamin Franklin, the intense Emperor Joseph of Austria, or one of the many bickering political advisors. There are 600 pages of good material to choose from here. The sheer length of the book, however, masks its story. Bouncing rapidly between action and catharsis, Proud Destiny bears no shape to its plot. The beginning and ending feel arbitrarily assigned, as a result; the book comprises a chunk of stream-of-consciousness events more so than a single narrative. Proud Destiny, once titled Foxes in the Vineyard, contains just that: the long, endless romp of history's foxes along the vineyards of time. The adventure may not be perfectly formed, but the journey definitely compensates. Recommended for:History buffsFrancophonesPeople with long commutes

  • Lucie Novak
    2019-01-22 13:44

    This book has everything. Pre revolution France, Franklin in Paris before the American revolution, story of the king and Marie Antoinette, story of the author of Marriage of Figaro- Pierre Beumarchais, and how he was arrested because of the play, lots of humour, intrigues, many interesting characters, real or made up. The whole complicated situation in France beautifully written. I read this many times. It has material for many books, but it is so well written you feel it covered everything well.Fantastic book.

  • Imolay Olivér
    2019-01-20 15:45

    This is an outstanding historic book about France in the era of the American Independence War through the eyes of some historic figures (Benjamin Franklin, Beaumarchais, Louis the XVI, Marie Antoinette, Voltaire and others). Very detailed and quite entertaining though it is not about the story but about the people as they they act / behave / react on this important event in history.

  • Tair Kuanyshev
    2019-01-27 15:42

    Исторический роман "Лисы в винограднике" описывают состояние Франции перед Революцией. Закулисные игры, влияние на королевскую семью, аристократы и представители буржуазии, все эти хитросплетения жизни ярко описаны в романе. Характер французов, их внешний и внутренний облик в сравнении с молодым появляющимся на свет страной Америки, и их свободолюбием описывается в яркими эпитетами и примерами. Основанный на реальных событиях автор сумел сделать роман интересным, читаемым с большим интересом от начала до конца.

  • Wiebke
    2019-01-27 15:38

    Ich muss zugeben, es hat eine Weile gedauert, bis ich mit dem Schriftstil wirklich anfreunden konnte, aber dann war es ein unglaubliches Vergnügen dieses Buch erleben zu dürfen!"Erleben" ist hier tatsächlich der einzig richtige Ausdruck, denn Feuchtwanger schafft es jede Situation, Person und Ereignis so lebendig und detailliert darzustellen, dass man sich einfach nicht entziehen kann.Am Besten ist die Charakterbeschreibung, meiner Meinung nach, denn jeden lernt man doch recht gut kennen und zwar voll verständlich aus "seiner" Perspektive, aber später eben auch aus der der umgebenden Personen. Ein sehr großes Vergnügen.Überaus interessant ist es, das Buch in Hinblick auf Feuchtwangers Nachwort zu betrachten, aber mehr verrate ich hier nicht ;)

  • Peter Jakobs
    2019-01-30 17:42

    France under Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette: the end of the absolutistic era in Europe is at the door - and an odd coalition with the American rebels against the British empire marks an important step in that direction. In parallel there is the philosophical-cultural request for more freedom: Voltaire and Beaumarchais are the main figures here. Good book also when keeping in mind the times Feuchtwanger has written it and the times when I read it.

  • Artem Karapetov
    2019-01-28 13:34

    Только что закончил читать роман Лиона Фейхтвангера "Лисы в винограднике". Роман описывает перипетии французской и американской истории в преддверии Революции 1789г. В центре внимания история французской помощи американским сепаратистам и признания Францией независимости Соединенных Штатов на фоне неумолимо надвигающегося краха монархии в самой Франции. Роман читается легко и в целом достаточно интересен, хотя и, безусловно, несколько затянут. Очень красочно и живо описаны портреты престарелого и мудрого Бенджамина Франклина, слабохарактерного Луи XVI, глупейшей Марии-Антуанетты, умирающего Вольтера, опального, но стоического министра финансов Тюрго и многих других реальных исторических деятелей. Но роман держится на фигуре центрального персонажа Пьера Бомарше. Вот воистину герой 18 века: поверхностный, честолюбивый, но деятельный и абсолютно живой выбившийся "с низов" авантюрист, причем вполне реальный. Я даже помыслить не мог, что Бомарше, автор "Севильского цирюльника" и "Женитьбы Фигаро", имел такую удивительную биографию, достойную приключенческих романов и духа своего века. Он был не только драматургом, но и тайным агентом, дипломатом, предпринимателем, изобретателем, издателем и т.п. Самое интересное, что он через созданную им компанию-ширму организовал при финансовой поддержке Версаля регулярные поставки оружия американской армии Вашингтона. Википедия факты в целом подтверждает. В какой раз убеждаюсь в том, что иногда художественная книга может натолкнуть читателя на поразительные исторические факты....

  • Trounin
    2019-01-27 09:18

    Повествование книги «Лисы в винограднике» не даёт читателю представления о действующих лицах. Фейхтвангер не считает нужным подробно на них останавливаться. Героев гложут определённые проблемы. Вот о них писатель и говорит. Конечно, каждое действующее лицо добилось нынешнего положения не единожды споткнувшись. Возьмись Фейхтвангер более основательно, как могло получиться невероятно масштабное полотно. Стали бы понятными воззрения действующих лиц и их поступки. Незаслуженно опустил писатель тему детства Франклина, а ведь он был пятнадцатым ребёнком в семье. Как незаслуженно опустил и тему масонства. Складывается ощущение недосказанности, когда на происходящее влияло много мелких событий, при полном отсутствии того, что имело критическое значение для истории. Теперь читатель будет уверен, будто убийство королём Франции кошки и явилось причиной обретения американскими колониями независимости.(c) Trounin

  • Lucie Novak
    2019-01-27 14:32

    I read it as Foxes in wine This book has everything. Pre revolution France, Franklin in Paris before the American revolution, story of the king and Marie Antoinette, story of the author of Marriage of Figaro- Pierre Beumarchais, and how he was arrested because of the play, lots of humour, intrigues, many interesting characters, real or made up. The whole complicated situation in France beautifully written. I read this many times. It has material for many books, but it is so well written you feel it covered everything well.Fantastic book.(less)

  • Mark
    2019-01-29 17:28

    Very interesting historical roman. The historic events that involved in the book are world around and make our human history as it is.

  • Illya Fefelov
    2019-02-07 11:37

    It is the greatest book I've ever read. Its lessons are so fundamental and so numerous. It is a monolith of human wisdom. Its entertaining to no end. Geeky, and political, fun, and hard. It is basic, and complex. Primal.

  • Daniel
    2019-01-25 16:37

    Die Ungerechtigkeit mit welcher sich andere Schöpfungen in das Bewusstsein der Menschen eingebrannt haben, ermisst man erst nach dem Verzehr dieses Meisterwerks!

  • Gort
    2019-01-28 11:29

    Explicabo molestiae totam et velit autem illo alias. Et voluptas praesentium dolores aperiam libero. Qui voluptas iste odio ea. Ea voluptas ex vel.

  • Marie Karapetyan
    2019-02-16 17:41

    Amazing, magnificent book!!!

  • Ina Maria
    2019-02-06 15:27

    A book to be read at least 3 times in a life time, in HS, middle-age crisis and if we're lucky enough, at 70s or more - each time will have a different flavor and wisdom.

  • Iryna Laudadio
    2019-01-24 10:28

    it is my favorite forever

  • Xandra
    2019-02-02 16:37

    Great book. Made me love history class, which is no small feat.

  • Piret
    2019-02-12 10:27

    A book that I'll never forget, one of my favorite books of all times.