Read Drawdown: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming by Paul Hawken Online

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- New York Times bestseller - The 100 most substantive solutions to reverse global warming, based on meticulous research by leading scientists and policymakers around the world"At this point in time, the Drawdown book is exactly what is needed; a credible, conservative solution-by-solution narrative that we can do it. Reading it is an effective inoculation against the wide- New York Times bestseller - The 100 most substantive solutions to reverse global warming, based on meticulous research by leading scientists and policymakers around the world"At this point in time, the Drawdown book is exactly what is needed; a credible, conservative solution-by-solution narrative that we can do it. Reading it is an effective inoculation against the widespread perception of doom that humanity cannot and will not solve the climate crisis. Reported by-effects include increased determination and a sense of grounded hope." --Per Espen Stoknes, Author, What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming "There's been no real way for ordinary people to get an understanding of what they can do and what impact it can have. There remains no single, comprehensive, reliable compendium of carbon-reduction solutions across sectors. At least until now. . . . The public is hungry for this kind of practical wisdom." --David Roberts, Vox"This is the ideal environmental sciences textbook--only it is too interesting and inspiring to be called a textbook." --Peter Kareiva, Director of the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLAIn the face of widespread fear and apathy, an international coalition of researchers, professionals, and scientists have come together to offer a set of realistic and bold solutions to climate change. One hundred techniques and practices are described here--some are well known; some you may have never heard of. They range from clean energy to educating girls in lower-income countries to land use practices that pull carbon out of the air. The solutions exist, are economically viable, and communities throughout the world are currently enacting them with skill and determination. If deployed collectively on a global scale over the next thirty years, they represent a credible path forward, not just to slow the earth's warming but to reach drawdown, that point in time when greenhouse gases in the atmosphere peak and begin to decline. These measures promise cascading benefits to human health, security, prosperity, and well-being--giving us every reason to see this planetary crisis as an opportunity to create a just and livable world....

Title : Drawdown: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming
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ISBN : 9780143130444
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 256 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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Drawdown: The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global Warming Reviews

  • David Schaafsma
    2019-01-05 17:30

    For those of you like me in despair about the state of the planet, here is a book that details dozens of things that we know can work to dial down carbon emissions and work toward reversing the current trend to destroy the environment. The point is, we know many things about how to save the planet. What we don’t really know as of today 1) if it is not already too late, and 2) if there is the political will to combat the current capitalist/political complex. I was going to detail some of the great things both going on and ones also that are possible, near future, things in the works, but Kate does the long list here, thanks:https://www.goodreads.com/review/show...The book is in large coffee table format, with too small print, but the project’s essays are short and still pretty comprehensive, with lots of resources. There are some crazy ideas that require too much tech infrastructure in the small window of time remaining, such as roads paved with solar panels, giant carbon-sucking machines and nuclear fusion plants. But idea generation for creative solutions are one thing we need, so I am not too critical of any of these As with other readers, I in particular like the focus on ecosystem restoration, educating girls, empowering women, but the central focus of the book is as it has to be on working together. Period. I guess I would say the thing that disappoints me is that it doesn't talk about economic/political solutions, which is the biggest obstacle to our getting things done.The book includes a lot of resources, and charts to figure out what might happen with the optimum, the “drawdown” (mama bear) approach, and the minimal approach to all of these things.Here’s a website for the project:http://www.drawdown.org/solutions

  • David
    2019-01-18 11:10

    This book is a catalog of the hundred or so technologies that could potentially draw down the carbon dioxide (and other greenhouse gases) from the atmosphere. The book was written by a couple hundred expert researchers in all walks of life. Each technology is very well presented, in a manner that is easy to understand by a non-expert. The book is very attractive, flush with color photographs appropriate for each topic covered.Each technology is rated in terms of the amount of carbon that could potentially be removed from the atmosphere, the net cost of the technology, and the net savings. When these numbers are too speculative for an educated guess, that is mentioned. The technologies are all ranked in terms of their potential for sequestering carbon. Also, since some of the technologies are inter-related, there is an effort made to prevent double-counting the impact.Some of the technologies are well known to most people, while others are novel. I was most interested in some of the agricultural topics. Most surprising to me was "silopasture". This entails allowing animals--mostly cattle, but other domesticated animals, also--to feed in meadows with trees. Silvopastures yield more livestock per acre than grass pastures, and sequesters five to ten times more carbon than treeless pastures. A related technology is the managed grazing of pastures by cattle. This technique vastly improves conditions of the pastures, protects organic matter, and the soil becomes more porous and better able to absorb intense rainfalls. As a result, herbicides, pesticides, fuel and fertilizers can be reduced, as well as veterinary costs. And yet another agricultural technique is known as agro-forestry, which is becoming widespread. It is positively transforming the Sahel Desert.I was astounded by the statistic that there are 18,500 miles of high-speed rails in the world. But, only 28 of these rail-miles are in the United States. On the one hand, high-speed rails are very expensive, and on the other hand, they actually do not reduce carbon emissions very much. The emphasis in most of the book, is that these are practical, economical technologies ready to be implemented. There are net savings from most of these technologies; sequestering carbon can be cost-effective and help the atmosphere, at the same time. At the end of the book, there are a handful of future technologies that have not yet reached the stage of practicality, each of which has a bright potential for the future.While I read the book end-to-end, it is actually more of a reference book--a very fascinating reference book! After reading the introductory sections, each topic is self-contained and can be read in isolation without losing the meaning.

  • Hadrian
    2019-01-17 17:19

    Large glossy catalog of eighty policy actions and technologies with the end goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and increasing carbon sequestration. Presented with short essays, and often only a few statistics - cost, savings, reduction of emissions. These are subject to wide estimates, depending on degree of use, not even including how one technology would affect the other (e.g. cleaner concrete production in buildings or dams, for example).Well-suited for a broader audience, especially those who have the time or the interest in carrying out one or more of these proposals.

  • Kate
    2019-01-09 15:26

    This book is a framework - not only how to stop global warming, but how to reduce carbon levels in the face of population growth and quality of life increases. The author and research team synthesized primary research from thousands of studies and developed a ranked list of the most important actions the globe can take to combat climate change. (I’ve included a one-sentence summary of each solution in this review. The book goes into far more depth about the logic behind the rankings, how each solution works, how much carbon it saves, various pros and cons, and the required financial investment.)A key plus for many of these solutions is they offer benefits beyond carbon sequestration. In addition to reducing sequestering carbon, the majority offer financial savings, increase industrial yields or efficiency, create jobs, and result in healthier people. There are reasons to act on these beyond saving our environment. The strength of this framework stems from interdependence. One solution’s weaknesses are balanced by the strengths of another. It’s a symbiotic ecosystem of recommendations – a permaculture, not a monoculture, of ideas.I do worry that a book like this gives a false sense of optimism. Implementing these policies will take incredible investments, coordination between governments, and massive behavior changes on the part of the individual. Yes, there are personal steps one can take after reading this book, but they aren’t steps anyone who pays attention to ‘green’ issues won’t have heard of before. I’m talking behavior changes on the scale of convincing entire populations to sustain massive tax increases to pay for the infrastructure you’ll need; behavior changes to convince millions of people around the globe to change habits fundamental to their life and culture. Each individual solution will require innumerable persons across the globe dedicating their lives to implementing the chosen recommendation. This is a brilliant framework for addressing climate change. It is the product of years of synthesizing research on a mass scale, of running the mathematical calculations we needed to chart a way forward. It is the starting point for a real “how-to” guide for policy makers. It is work no one else has done until this point. But don’t read it and think, “oh, we’ll be fine! Technology will save us!” Read it and go start advocating for mass public transit. Go vegetarian. Start blathering to everyone you know. Find international organizations working on these issues and start donating all you can. Take the extra 45 minutes to walk to work. Go to city council meetings and say, yes, we’re willing to have wind turbines in our back yard. This is a framework, but it isn’t a framework to an easy way forward. It’s a framework for hard, hard work. Thank goodness. Hard work is what we’re going to need.1. Refrigerant Management: The HFCs found in refrigerators and AC have a 1000 to 9000 times higher capacity to warm the environment than carbon dioxide, and 90% of those emissions come when improperly disposed; substituting in better materials, combined with proper disposals could cool the earth by up to 1 degree Fahrenheit.2. Wind Turbines: Estimated to be the world’s cheapest energy source by 2030, wind has the potential to cleanly meet nearly all the world’s energy needs.3. Reduced Food Waste: By reducing food waste – through tightening supply chain logistics in low-income countries and changing consumer habits in high-income countries – resources are saved across the food chain, from fertilizers to transport to energy needed to keep perishables cool.4. Plant-Rich Diet: Reducing meat consumption lowers methane emissions from cattle, reduces land use and the need to deforest additional land, eliminates fossil-fuel heavy value streams for stock feed, lowers demand for water, and increases the health of populations.5. Tropical Forests: Restore degraded tropical forests to make carbon sinks, protect watersheds, and offer more resilient livelihood opportunities. 6. Educating Girls: Giving women access to education increases family planning, resilience to climate change, and offers one of the most cost competitive climate solutions, estimated at only $10 per ton of carbon dioxide reduction. 7. Investment in Family Planning: Increase women’s autonomy to decide when and how many children they wish to have reduces the number of births, subsequently reducing global resource demand. 8. Solar Farms: Build massive solar farms that operate on the scale of entire utilities systems. 9. Silvopasture: Combine trees with cattle pasture to sequester carbon in both soil and woody growth, while increasing yields and bolstering both the cattle and the land’s resilience to climate change.10. Rooftop Solar: Install solar panels on buildings, allowing them to generate their own power.11. Regenerative Agriculture: Utilize regenerative agricultural practices (no-till, planting cover crops, removing external nutrient inputs) to heal soil, sequester carbon, increase nutrient and water retention for drought resistance, and increase production. 12. Temperate Forests: 1.4 billion of acres of land could be restored to temperature forest, adding even more of an ecosystem that already acts as a carbon sink.13. Peatlands: Conserve peatlands – while they make up only 3% of the earth, only oceans store more carbon. 14. Tropical Staple Trees: Shift more land to growing perennial food products (and diets to eating them), which have higher carbon sequestration rates and are more resilient to extreme weather. (This solution is currently only viable in tropical regions.)15. Afforestation: Use afforestation – planting trees where none have grown for at least 50 years – to create new carbon sinks, particularly in degraded areas.16. Conservation Agriculture: Similar to regenerative agriculture, but allowing use of fertilizers and pesticides, this solution has many of the same benefits on a slightly lesser scale but is simpler to rapidly adopt and may be easier to use on mass-produced annual crops. 17. Tree Intercropping: Intercrop agricultural products with compatible trees or bushes, improving soil health, sequestering carbon, reducing the need for inputs, increasing outputs, and creating resilience to drought and wind. 18. Geothermal: Harness naturally-occurring geothermal energy for power. 19. Managed Grazing: Managed grazing – shifting cattle’s grazing patterns to consider the health of the pastureland – results in improved grasses and a healthier ecosystem, improves cattle health, and allows the soil to sequester more carbon. 20. Nuclear: Continue utilizing – indeed, expand – nuclear power to replace coal. (Note: The authors acknowledge the significant controversy surrounding this power source - both safety and whether it’s truly cost effective.)21. Clean Cookstoves: Forty percent of the world cooks on stoves which use fuels that release black carbon (although short-lived, it absorbs a million times more energy than CO2), meaning switching to stoves that use cleaner fuel rapidly slows warming (in addition to improving health). 22. See Wind Turbines (#2) – offshore turbines are #2223. Farmland Restoration: Exhausted and thus abandoned farmland emits carbon, but if restored through regenerative farming practices or cultivation of native species, it actively removes carbon from the air and pulls it back into the soil while increasing land available for agriculture. 24. Improved Rice Cultivation: Adoption of an alternative method of rice production reduces methane emissions, sequesters carbon, reduces input requirements, results in more resilient plants, and increases rice yield per acre.25. Concentrated Solar: Use mirrors to further concentrate light in already intensely-sunny areas to produce steam, which is cheaper to transmit than electricity and can be stored for high-use times.26. Electric Vehicles: Switch from fossil fuel powered engines to electric vehicles (for both personal transportation and shipping fleets) that run off energy generated by renewables, a task likely to made easier by an oncoming wave of battery innovation. 27. District Heating: Already well established in Europe, district heating manages heating and cool needs not at the structure level but the district level, using centralized coordination for maximum efficiency. 28. Multistrata Agroforestry: By mimicking the natural layout of the “strata” of a jungle canopy, multistrata agroforestry sequesters huge amounts of carbon while generating multiple valuable agricultural commodities with minimal inputs, even when using land already severely degraded.29. Wave and Tidal: While still posing technical challenges, waves and tides can be harnessed for energy. 30. Methane Digesters: Use methane digesters to capture the methane emissions from organic waste (agricultural, food waste, and excrement) and use it for fuel, while also reducing the harmful emissions. 31. Insulation: Insulating buildings well would keep them cool in the summer and warm in the winter and stop energy loss – currently, most structures lose over 50% of their energy to poor insulation. 32. Ships: Over 80% of global trade happens by sea, leading to huge carbon savings by improving fuel efficiency of ships. 33. LED Lighting: Switch to LED lights, which use 90% less energy yet produce the same light as a standard bulb – in addition to lasting for years longer. 34. Biomass: Harness biomass as a “bridge” solution to provide energy as society shifts away from fossil fuels to truly renewable sources of energy. 35. Bamboo: Cultivate bamboo, which thrives on degraded lands, has economic uses, and sequesters carbon faster than nearly any other plant.36. Alternative Cement: By mass, cement is the second-most used substance in the world, and manufacturing one ton of produces at much carbon as burning 400 pounds of coal; changing this process to incorporate waste byproducts from other industrial processes could reduce carbon emissions. 37. Mass Transit: Mass transit usage is expected to decline rather than grow as global wealth increases and more people purchase personal vehicles, but ridership habits could be strengthened by utilizing strong design principles and interconnectivity of public transit systems, potentially preventing 6.6 tons of CO2 emissions from cars.38. Forest Protection: Forest conservation offers a range of environmental and livelihood benefits, and while deforestation is estimated to produce 10-15% of the world’s carbon emissions, stopping deforestation could offset 33% of emissions. 39. Indigenous Peoples’ Land Management: Indigenous people often find themselves on the front lines of environmental battles and managing natural resources in a way that benefits all, yet experience the highest impacts of climate change; as such, it’s crucial to secure their tenure on their own land. 40. Trucks: Major efficiency improvements in truck fleets are needed as incomes, and thus ground freight, continues to increase – already consuming 25% of the fuel in the U.S., trucks are currently responsible for about 6% of all global emissions.41. Solar Water: Store residential water in tanks heated by the sun, eliminating the need to use fossil fuels to heat water.42. Heat Pumps: Replace the world’s massively energy-guzzling AC and heating systems with already existing heat pump technology. 43. Airplanes: With air traffic on the rise and airplanes a major carbon emitter, emerging efficiencies in plane design and fuels, as well as regulations around fuel efficiency, are crucial to reducing flight CO2. 44. LED Commercial Lighting: See #33 – similar principles, but for commercial structures. 45. Building Automation: Building automation systems use sensors to automatically control a wide range of building factors, from air circulation to heat to identifying early maintenance problems, offering a host of efficiency savings.46. Water Saving – Home: A tight link between water and energy means lowering personal home water usage can save energy and relax pressure on local water sources (and saving energy at home reduces water used by the local power plant).47. Bioplastic: If the entire lifecycle of a bioplastic is considered (when not recycled properly, or land is cleared to grow their source materials, they produce their own problems), bioplastics could replace current petro-plastic that relies on cheap fossil fuels for production.48. In-Stream Hydro: Place in-stream turbines into rivers to create energy – these free-standing structures create energy without flooding land for reservoirs and have only minimal impacts on wildlife. 49. Cars: Increase the number of electric and hybrid vehicles – while their power sources get far better mileage, 97% of the world’s car still contain only the standard internal combustion engine. 50. Cogeneration: Many energy processes are inefficient and create waste in the form of heat; use cogeneration to capture the excess and harness as a heating source.51. Perennial Biomass: Use perennial, rather than annual crops such as corn, to produce bioenergy.52. Coastal Wetlands: Wetlands sequester enormous amounts of carbon – destroying them allows carbon to escape, but through preservation and restoration, they actively capture emissions. 53. See Improved Rice Cultivation, #24 – drops to #53 if a slightly less efficient, but technically simpler, version is used.54. Walkable Cities: Design cities to encourage walking instead of driving, considering not only distance but pedestrian safety and aesthetic appeal of the route. 55. Household Recycling: Recycling reduces the need for further resource extraction while simultaneously reducing the negative impacts of landfills, in addition to providing economic benefits and job opportunities stemming from value streams created by upcycling. 56. Industrial Recycling: The same effects as household recycling, extended to the industrial sector; for industry, this includes the additional step of planning ahead for disposal of their product, rather than letting the costs of this question be borne by the public. 57. Smart Thermostats: Smart thermostats learn the heating preferences of occupants and automatically adjust temperature as necessary, keeping costs and energy use down and livability high. 58. Landfill Methane: Capture methane emissions produced by landfills to use as a clean fuel source. 59. Bike Infrastructure:Increase trips taken by bike rather than car using a broad array of investments and design tools to support ridership. 60. Composting: When biodegradable waste – think food and lawn scraps – degrades in landfills in the absence of oxygen, it produces methane; diverting this waste for compost injects nutrients back into the soil, sequestering carbon and offering rich natural fertilizers. 61. Smart Glass: Smart glass can change its tint in response to environmental factors and adjust the amount of heat and light it lets into the building, reducing a structure’s energy needs by up to 30%.62. Women Smallholders: Giving women in the agricultural workforce equal access to land and financial resources would lead to increased food outputs, reducing the need to clear additional lands of forests to meet growing global nutritional needs. 63. Telepresence:Utilize rapidly-improving telepresence technology for business and collaboration needs, drastically cutting down on travel. 64.See methane digesters, #30 – rank drops to #64 if only small digesters are used65. Nutrient Management: Runoff and overuse of agricultural nitrogen and fertilizers causes a host of environmental problems; improving proper management of application that reduce (although not sequester) carbon emissions as well as save farmers money.66. High-Speed Rail: Build high-speed rail to support mass public transit for regional distances, while freeing up conventional rail for freight traffic.67. Farmland Irrigation: Switch to sprinkler or drip irrigation, instead of “flood” irrigation, saving both water and energy. 68. Waste to Energy: Like biogas, this is a “bridge” solution – incinerate waste to make energy (and reduce methane landfill emissions) while shifting to permanent renewable energy sources. (Note: The authors list significant concerns with this solution.)69. Electric Bikes: Use electric bikes to bridge transportation gaps that are too far to walk but may be too short to financially justify public transit – journeys that people currently take via higher-emission cars. 70. Recycled Paper: Recycled paper products require less energy and less water than virgin paper, reduces deforestation, and provides more jobs than landfill or incineration; overall, recycled paper has a mere 1% of the impact of virgin paper. 71. Water Distribution: A huge cost of water is the energy required to pump it where it needs to go; a systematic and widespread effort to reduce the huge amount lost through leaking infrastructure reduces energy and saves water for millions of additional people.72. Biochar: Biochar is produced by baking biomass in near total lack of oxygen (think purely organic waste burning under soil), leading to incredibly carbon-rich soils; this evolving technology can be practiced on both individual and industrial scale to recycle waste, sequester carbon, and greatly improve soil health. 73. Green Roofs: Cities – measurably hotter than surrounding areas – can lower temperatures by installing green roofs on buildings, which lower a site’s energy needs as well as contribute to a more pleasant urban environment with cleaner air.74. Trains: Trains – hugely efficient at transporting freight – could be even more efficient: switch to electric trains powered by renewables, increase carrying capacity, and use more aerodynamic designs. 75. Ridehsaring: Vastly underutilized in the U.S. and Canada, ridesharing reduces emissions and pressure on infrastructure, saves commuters money, and can be facilitated with increasing ease as data facilitation between platforms becomes increasingly common. 76. Micro Wind: Install smaller-scale wind turbines to charge batteries or power individual homes where larger wind farms aren’t feasible.77. Grid Flexibility/Energy Storage: Develop highly flexible energy grids that can respond to changing usage requirements and energy sources throughout the day (i.e. a peak source at 4 p.m. might drop to nothing at 7 p.m.). 78. Microgrids: Most of the electrical networks are organized in massive “macrogrids” that draw on fossil fuels; reorganize into smaller, more resilient ‘microgrids,” allowing structures to tap into a diversity of smaller, renewable energy sources. 79. Net Zero Buildings: Design all buildings to be net-zero energy; that is, producing as much energy as they use.80. Retrofitting: Retrofit already-existing buildings with new green technologies like better lighting, appliances, and window insulation offer high energy savings.

  • Dave
    2019-01-16 17:14

    This has some great stuff in it but unfortunately the "most comprehensive plan" includes a lot of really stupid crap. About half of the book is a pretty good summary of real solutions and the other half is basically a bunch of crazy techno-fixes. On the good side are things like ecosystem restoration (with particular emphasis on the importance of maintaining healthy oceans, peatlands and mangroves), agroecology, managed grazing systems, silvopasture, indigenous land management, lower methane-emitting approaches to rice cultivation and ruminant raising, replacing cotton with hemp, educating girls, empowering women, etc. The crazy techno stuff includes not only the typical electric cars, high speed rail, "green" cities, wind turbines, tidal energy, nuclear plants (how anyone can still support these I have no idea) and automated "smart" grids but also things like roads paved with solar panels, giant machines that suck carbon out of the air, vacuum tube trains and the possibility of nuclear fusion plants. To be fair there are caveats for a lot of these "solutions" but they really shouldn't even be considerations at this point. I know global industrial civilization can be less destructive, that if we'd used the most efficient technologies and developed perfect recycling, stopped using planned obsolescence and shared things that we rarely use instead of all having our own possessions that sit idle 99% of the time then we could have gotten away with this for a pretty long time. Ignoring the fact that manufacturing these technologies at even a much reduced scale would still depend on horribly unethical behavior, it could technically be a lot better than it currently is. We're already on such thin ice though. If you're going 200 miles per hour towards a cliff that's only a few miles away then it doesn't make much difference if you reduce your speed to 50 miles per hour. Even 1 mile per hour in the same direction won't give you much time. Techno-fixes rely on too much infrastructure to ever be truly sustainable. Therefore better isn't necessarily good enough. What we really need is to wean ourselves off all this high-tech crap by losing our dependence on it. The low-tech solutions, like diversifying farmland with perennial crops and different species of grazing animals, can create human habitats where people are able to get everything they need from close by and without machines. And we're never going to see that happen without adopting degrowth economics (producing and consuming less crap without people being impoverished by job losses, etc.). This book doesn't just leave out a discussion on how inherently unsustainable our economic system is, it actually promotes certain solutions BECAUSE they contribute to economic growth. I can agree with some of the "bridge solutions" and "regrets solutions" that are brought up. Clearly during a transition stage between the status quo and something sustainable we'll still be required to do some less than ideal things (like typing angry rants on internet sites). But there's a difference between things like properly disposing of HFC's from existing refrigerators and air conditioners and continuing to promote the manufacture of new refrigerators and air conditioners ("refrigerant management" is listed as the number 1 solution). A real solution for that problem long-term would be to use drying or root cellars for food storage and maybe PASSIVE cooling for houses. Cooling boxes can even be made with clay pots and sand, where evaporating water significantly cools down the contents without any power at all. Also capturing methane from landfills makes sense since it causes more damage if allowed to float away into the atmosphere but without addressing the growth imperative of our economic system it just becomes one more thing that people depend on for their livelihoods rather than something that can be intentionally phased out. Ignoring economic growth is just totally unforgivable for a book like this. Part of me wants to give it a better rating for the good half at least (It's actually kind of surprising that with so much techno-utopian logic it doesn't promote GMOs, vertical urban farms with hydroponics and LED grow lights, more tech-based geoengineering schemes, etc.). I expect most people who read this book to just get excited by the wrong things though. Let's face it, science fiction tends to be a little sexier than farm animals. Overall, the good just can't make up for the bad.

  • Aaron
    2019-01-05 14:14

    You cannot save the planet with "just a carbon tax". The math of climate change screams that at you. Even if you were able to wipe out $27 trillion in fossil fuel assets, there's already too much carbon in the air. We have created a peak carbon dioxide parts-per million that humanity has never seen since we diverged from Chimps. We have to- as the title suggests- drawdown the very carbon in the atmosphere.And yet, the possible solutions are all very politicized, at least in the United States. District heating and insulation regulations? Who cares if it decreases my heating bill, ain't no way the filthy liberal, commies are going to touch my air. Reduced food waste? Eating more plants? God gave me those animals to eat and throw away as I see fit; ain't you read a Bibble?There are ultimately two types of solutions: (1) decreasing/eliminating carbon output, or (2) pulling out carbon from the air. Of the former, there are three subtypes. (1.a) become more energy efficient, (1.b) replace carbon-based energy with a non-carbon based energy and (1.c) forgo a carbon luxury. The solutions the book comes up with are, in general, wonderful. Any reasonable person would look at them and think, "Oh yeah, of course." A three pronged approach by the government would easily force society to reorganize itself around these lines: You start with (1) a carbon tax to punish energy inefficiency, force people to give up carbon luxuries and replace their carbon-energy systems. You then (2) create a trust or government organization that the government partially funds with the carbon tax and (3) a strong, robust regulatory authority that is able to measure, collect, and analyze the carbon production of companies and other countries.But the seeming reasonableness of these three over-arching solutions ignores the point: large sections of the population hate them on a moral level. Regulatory agency? Tax? Government trust? These are ideological non-starters. However, without them, there are no other solutions:Silviopasture is the #9 solution. The tl;dr of it is"put cows into forests". But guess what? That costs money, and that cost is going to be baked into each pound of beef that the silviopasture produces. Then you have to figure into the fact that the entire world simply can't be turned into a cow forest! People will have to eat less meat, which they'll do... because why?Each solution presented is ultimately the same: there is no reason for mass adoption (which is necessary for the solution to work) unless there is an external force to incentivize adoption. And, given that the market will only begin reacting to most of these forces when it is too late, there has to be an incentive force.... which we've already found to be politically blocked off.Sure, some of the ideas are hazier and less market based: educate women! give birth control to the developing world! That doesn't save them from the toxic cloud of ideology that hangs over this whole situation though.That's why Drawdown ultimately failed to be the great hope it was painted as. It's not so much a comprehensive plan as it is an assembly of ideas that would get implemented by the market in reaction to an outside force punishing it. Each idea is presented in a very simple way. A 2-3 page description of the solution and its carbon savings, net dollar cost and net dollar savings... but nothing about it necessarily scream, "This solution will work and pan out!" except for the solutions that were agreed upon before 2016. This assembly of ideas does have hope. It does have the nuggets of hope. It says what we've always known: "We can fix this. It is possible." But it doesn't give us any hope at all that it is probable.

  • Ryan
    2018-12-24 11:21

    Drawdown focuses on not only responding to but also moving beyond climate change. It offers a set of ranked plans. Anyone who is inclined to give up in the face of climate change should read this book.A couple quick takeaways. Reducing meat from one's diet (#4) still seems to be a good idea. My own experience has been that a "meatless Monday" is nearly impossible because upending my daily routine just once a week is very irritating. Having said that, one meatless meal a day is doable and often leads to two. It's not uncommon for people to dismiss all energy alternatives by dismissing one, but I kept thinking while reading this book that we should more readily consider multifaceted approaches. So instead of relying on just one of solar farms (#8), onshore wind (#2), etc., it's probably a good idea for many areas to rely on a variety of energy sources. The #1 solution was, and I was surprised by this, refrigerant management. Finally, I rarely encounter a dialogue on what to do with the carbon that we've already released into the atmosphere, and this book explores solutions there as well.The book is clear and comprehensive, and it's easily organized as a reference guide that readers can return to. I liked that it avoided war and combat metaphors. I also liked that it was willing to consider "regrettable" solutions in addition to its "no regrets" solutions. Finally, there's a website here: http://www.drawdown.org/solutions

  • Cwiegard
    2018-12-31 15:26

    To be very honest, I only skimmed this book. There are interesting tidbits galore here. But glancing over it, I said to myself, let's see what they have to say about carbon fee and dividend, or cap and trade, border adjustment, or whatever economic pricing schemes they may prefer as a means of actually getting people to DO something to reduce their carbon footprints. It was not there. Nowhere in this book do I find any mention of real-world methods that would actually compel humans through the laws of supply and demand to change their way of life in a way that would prevent their grandchildren from living in a diminished world. With all due respect, dear authors (that is to say, zero respect) we already know what the problem is and some of the potential solutions. But people have been writing books with pretty pictures on this topic for 30 years and nothing has changed. Here is yet another work that assumes all we need is to understand that climate change is a problem and that there are ways to make it smaller and we will instantly jump to it. Nothing good has happened in those 30 years. why? Because climate change is not a science problem, it is an economic problem. It requires good intentions to connect with economic methods to reward survival and penalize unsustainable ways of life- in the same way that the smoking problem in the United States was largely solved through cigarette pricing. if you are tempted to buy this book, save your money

  • Holly
    2018-12-27 17:28

    This is the first time I have felt positively about our ability to stop climate change. The solutions presented in this book are feasible and clearly explained. I found several things I could implement myself, like switching to LED light bulbs, and I am looking for ways to support some of their larger-scale approaches.

  • Peter Mcloughlin
    2018-12-29 11:10

    Coffee table book on future hope for the planet or top one hundred hacks to save humanity. Good news for tough times on earth. Worth a looking over.

  • Teo 2050
    2018-12-24 15:16

    7.5h @ 2.5x. Contents:(view spoiler)[Hawken P (ed.) (2017) (18:52) Drawdown - The Most Comprehensive Plan Ever Proposed to Reverse Global WarmingForeword (Tom Steyer, Founder and President, NextGen Climate)Origins (Paul Hawken)Language (Paul Hawken)Numbers (Chad Frischmann)– what you will see on the page– ranking of solutions– gigatons of carbon dioxide reduced– total net cost and operational savings– to learn moreENERGY01. Wind Turbines (#2 onshore, #22 offshore)02. Microgrids (#78)03. Geothermal (#18)04. Solar Farms (#8)05. Rooftop Solar (#10)06. Wave and Tidal (#29)07. Concentrated Solar (#25)08. Biomass (#34)09. Nuclear (#20)10. Cogeneration (#50)11. Micro Wind (#76)Alexander von Humboldt (Andrea Wulf)12. Methane Digesters (#30 large, #64 small)13. In-Stream Hydro (#48)14. Waste-to-Energy (#68)15. Grid Flexibility (#77)16. Energy Storage (Utilities) (#77)17. Energy Storage (Distributed) (#77)18. Solar Water (#41)FOOD19. Plant-Rich Diet (#4)20. Farmland Restoration (#23)21. Reduced Food Waste (#3)22. Clean Cookstoves (#21)23. Multistrata Agroforestry (#28)24. Improved Rice Cultivation (#24 improved rice cultivation, #53 system of rice intensification)25. Silvopasture (#9)Why Bother? (Michael Pollan)26. Regenerative Agriculture (#11)27. Nutrient Management (#65)28. Tree Intercropping (#17)29. Conservation Agriculture (#16)30. Composting (#60)31. Biochar (#72)32. Tropical Staple Trees (#14)33. Farmland Irrigation (#67)The Hidden Half of Nature (David R. Montgomery and Anne Biklé)34. Managed Grazing (#19)WOMEN AND GIRLS35. Women Smallholders (#62)36. Family Planning (#7)37. Educating Girls (#6)BUILDINGS AND CITIES38. Net Zero Buildings (#79)39. Walkable Cities (#54)40. Bike Infrastructure (#59)41. Green Roofs (#73)42. LED Lighting (#33 household, #44 commercial)43. Heat Pumps (#42)44. Smart Glass (#61)45. Smart Thermostats (#57)46. District Heating (#27)47. Landfill Methane (#58)48. Insulation (#31)49. Retrofitting (#80)50. Water Distribution (#71)51. Building Automation (#45)LAND USE52. Forest Protection (#38)53. Coastal Wetlands (#52)54. Tropical Forests (#5)55. Bamboo (#35)The Man Who Stopped the Desert (Mark Hertsgaard)56. Perennial Biomass (#51)57. Peatlands (#13)58. Indigenous Peoples’ Land Management (#39)59. Temperate Forests (#12)The Hidden Life of Trees (Peter Wohlleben)60. Afforestation (#15)TRANSPORT61. Mass Transit (#37)62. High-Speed Rail (#66)63. Ships (#32)64. Electric Vehicles (#26)65. Ridesharing (#75)66. Electric Bikes (#69)67. Cars (#49)68. Airplanes (#43)69. Trucks (#40)70. Telepresence (#63)71. Trains (#74)MATERIALS72. Household Recycling (#55)73. Industrial Recycling (#56)74. Alternative Cement (#36)75. Refrigeration (#1)76. Recycled Paper (#70)77. Bioplastic (#47)78. Water Saving—Home (#46)COMING ATTRACTIONS79. Repopulating the Mammoth Steppe80. Pasture Cropping81. Enhanced Weathering of Minerals82. Marine Permaculture83. Intensive Silvopasture84. Artificial Leaf85. Autonomous Vehicles86. Solid-State Wave Energy87. Living BuildingsOn Care for Our Common Home (Pope Francis)88. Direct Air Capture89. Hydrogen-Boron Fusion90. Smart Highways91. Hyperloop92. Microbial Farming93. Industrial Hemp94. Perennial Crops95. A Cow Walks onto a Beach96. Ocean Farming98. Smart Grids99. Building with WoodReciprocity (Janine Benyus)An Opening (Paul Hawken)Methodology (Chad Frischmann)– scenarios– general assumptions– system dynamics– double-counting– rebound effect– more about the researchWhat Do the Numbers Tell Us?Summary of Solutions by Overall RankingSummary of Solutions by SectorDrawdown FellowsDrawdown AdvisorsAcknowledgmentsIndexPhotograph Credits (hide spoiler)]

  • Amanda Vu
    2019-01-15 17:05

    Outlines some of the most significant ways we can cut carbon emissions and stop global warming. Really interesting, liked how it was accessible to your average Joe/Jane (i.e. me). Some cool things I enjoyed during my read:- For each solution we were given an estimated/projected reduction in carbon emissions if the solution were to be implemented (rough ballpark figures, but enough to give you an idea of how much impact it could make!). - The section called "An Opening" towards the end of the book- it talks about how economics is stunting implementation of any of these solutions (true), and how there needs to be a movement of individuals working together to enact change. - The short little guest essays that were sprinkled throughout the book (Michael Pollan, a short essay on Humboldt, etc.)

  • Mary
    2018-12-31 11:26

    "The logical way to read this book is to use it to identify how you can make a difference," Paul Hawken writes at the conclusion to this stunningly important work. I can only echo his advice: use this book to educate yourself about potential solutions to our global climate crisis, then use your knowledge to advocate your elected representatives to do more and better. That's what I plan to do with what this book taught me.

  • Emma Sea
    2019-01-01 18:12

    requested via library

  • Sharman Russell
    2019-01-02 14:15

    Brilliant idea for a book! Well-executed. And optimistic in its specific solutions. Who knew that refrigerant management would be so important--the number one action for the greatest effect in mitigating greenhouse gases emissions--or that people were already seriously working on this very thing. Refrigerant management. In an interview, Paul Hawken said, "Global warming is not a curse. It's feedback." And this is not to ignore or diminish the pain some people--smallholder farmers in Africa, say--are already experiencing with climate change. This is more like a candle bravely held up for light. Let's look at solutions. Let's look at how the environment and social justice and the world we want to live in are all connected. Another nice quote from Miya Yoshitana from the Asian Pacific Environmental Network, “The climate justice fight here in the U.S. and around the world is not just a fight against the biggest ecological crisis of all time, it is the fight for a new economy, a new energy system, a new democracy, a new relationship to the planet and to each other, for land, water, and good sovereignty, for indigenous rights, for human rights and dignity for all people. When climate justice wins, we win the world we want.”

  • Terry
    2019-01-17 15:23

    Check out Hawken video (youtube) to get a good sense of format of book and goals of drawdown project. Or just get the book.Drawdown is a well written and important contribution to the global warming discussion. It addresses specifically an issue that most other climate change books do not - ie, even after we reduce CO2 emissions to near zero by say 2050, how do we draw down the excess CO2 already in the atmosphere to the 285 PPM levels that existed before the industrial age and was the maximum level for the previous 400K years.Even though Hawken is quite clear on the goals of the project, I still believe the scope needs to be expanded.Examples of payback:where tot cost each solution = buy,install, operate over the 30 yrs to 2050 Net cost = Tot-cost - BAU; if negative, then saving over BAU Net Savings = operating costs after 2150 (ie, after installed)# (1 is biggest payback); Cost; NetCost; Savings; Descript79 NetZ building x ; x ; x ;; comfortable:67-82 deg, instead of 70-7659 Urban bike infrast. 2.31; -$2T; $400B ; building bike infra has neg costs b/c it saves on road $$60 Composting66 HS Rail69 E-bikes .96; 106B; 226B52 Transp 3.2; -1.9T; 626B[check these #'s -TG]

  • Regina Mcilvaine
    2018-12-29 12:33

    Drawdown may indeed be what its title suggests: the most comprehensive plan ever proposed to reverse global warming. It is full of hope and concrete ways to combat environmental destruction, offering some great career paths to current students. In the midst of the challenge that faces Earth's populations, Drawdown presents the frontiers of emerging industries that can propel us into a prosperous and globally sustainable future.In each of the sectors mentioned, there is the estimated cost of restructuring as well as the savings investment into the industry will achieve by the year 2050. The very idea of how much growth and prosperity is possible, through sustainable means, should help to shift any resistance to the idea of change.Particularly appealing to me was the inclusion of micro-economics, actuated on a local level, right next to massive global industrial initiatives. Perhaps it is one way to remind ourselves that human rights and the idea of the pursuit of happiness can readily figure into any scheme of economic growth.It is a compendium of the way people in pockets throughout the world have begun to envision a better world, with clear strategies for achieving this.

  • Jørgen
    2019-01-16 12:15

    Global warming can be reversed. Nature already draws carbon dioxide from the atmosphere faster than humans are adding to it - at least during the northern hemisphere summer. Unfortunately, humans win during the rest of the year.Drawdown shows how humans are already building solutions that can work with nature to draw carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to reverse global warming. This book lists the top 100 solutions to global warming including their economic cost and savings. The beauty of the solutions discussed is that we would want to implement (most of) them even without the threat of global warming. Highly recommended!

  • Rowan
    2019-01-14 14:26

    This isn't really a "read cover-to-cover" type of book, but more of a "dip your toe in, learn a little, and find a some hope for the state of humanity" type of book. Lots of smart and exciting content.

  • S Holthaus
    2018-12-27 19:17

    Everyone should read this - it reminds us that we can alter the outcomes of climate change - we know what to do and we are already doing it - we just need to do more of it faster

  • Elisa
    2019-01-11 11:06

    The biggest easiest thing we can all do is reduce food waste! It's the dumbest problem. This book is full of eye-opening ideas about how we influence the environment. Inspiring!

  • Ellen
    2019-01-10 11:03

    Bite sized, accessible ideas with a positive twist.

  • Connor Stack
    2018-12-31 16:28

    It seems like the more you know about climate change, the more depressed you get. This book is an exception. It's jam-packed with information that actually made me excited about the future. 100 ideas. 80 have estimated costs, savings and net effect on greenhouse gasses. 20 are so radical they didn't bother quantifying the effects. It has a lot of ideas you never would have thought of. The idea with the greatest impact on greenhouse gasses? Improving the way we dispose of refrigerators and air conditioners.

  • Holstein
    2019-01-03 12:18

    A fantastic collection of essays that every person who hopes to live beyond 2050 should read. Realistically, communities in developed countries are not going to give up (much of) their standards of living to achieve carbon dioxide drawdown. The solutions and 'coming attractions' presented by Hawken and the Drawdown Fellows are compelling in the sense that people can still consume what they desire (to an extent), but the energy and resources are more sustainable, waste is minimised or eliminated altogether through recirculation, and output is less damaging.

  • Steve
    2019-01-04 16:25

    Please read this book. It is the most significant work of this century, and critical if we are to restore our biosphere for optimal human habitation.

  • Laura HP
    2018-12-29 11:30

    I would recommend this book to anyone who cares about our planet and our future. It is the most inspiring thing I have ever read about global warming (and I have read a lot about global warming). I find most books on climate change to be terrifying and dread-inducing (rightfully so), and many writings on climate change solutions to seem unrealistic and pie-in-the-sky. This book avoids both these categories and manages to be a beautiful, inspiring, realistic, serious book that will actually make you feel like we can save the world. While the risks of climate change are clearly laid out, it will make you feel hopeful. While some of the solutions can seem overly optimistic, the authors always acknowledge this and are honest about including drawbacks and obstacles to each one's implementation. I have two degrees in ecology and I still learned a lot (you don't need any science degrees to read this book though). The solutions are just given broad, 1-3 page overviews, but even so you come out with a fair understanding of most of them. You will learn a lot about solutions you can tackle as an individual, but you won't come out of it feeling like everything is on your shoulders alone. You'll also learn about lots of solutions that are needed in private industry, or in government regulations, and - what I found most hopeful - there are constant real-world examples of places and companies where these solutions are already being implemented. The book is a well-written, nice read and also beautifully designed. I was inspired to start implementing solutions in my own life before even finishing, and now that I'm finished I'm excited to advocate for many of these solutions to my government and community. I really can't recommend this book enough!

  • Christine Kenney
    2019-01-11 19:29

    If you're thinking about purchasing, you might want to navigate to the website, check the summary of solutions by overall rank and click through ones that intrigue you. It seems like pretty much all of the book content is there. Then save some trees and donate the msrp because it is clear a lot of researchers put a lot of thought and time into this. :)I wish there were a companion book to this that drilled specifically into the "distributed" or "household level" options we could get started on without needing to wait for collective consensus and large scale infrastructure development projects to gain momentum. This project is structured for more of a civil engineer/urban planner type of audience. That said, I'm glad we start with a broad view because the most impactful things we can do are often at that collective large scale level.

  • Patricia Ravasio
    2019-01-05 11:11

    This is truly the book that will save the world. An exhaustive, phenomenally researched and documented collection of plans to put earth back into balance. I'm not sure how many will actually read it all, but you really should own the book that is changing everything. Beautiful photographs, fabulous storytelling about everything that is happening all over the world that scaled up will set humanity on a healthier and more sustainable path. If you have the chance to see Paul Hawken speak, do not miss it. He is the real leader the world needs.

  • Gloria
    2018-12-26 16:15

    Hands down one of the most needed books we need right now. Scientifically accurate in not only the environmental benefits to drawdown but the economic benefits. It also is meant to be able to be read to everyone and implicated by everyone not just governments and corporations. I appreciate the addition of family planning and empowering women as a top solution as it will solve more problems than just climate change. I recommend this to literally everyone. Thank you Mr. Hawken!

  • Mark
    2018-12-30 13:12

    An essential reference, best read as overview and then re-read by section as current events and interests dictate. This is an exhaustively researched set of paths to "draw down" carbon from the atmosphere through reduced emissions and sequestration, prioritized by magnitude and achievability. This is a forward-looking and systemic perspective for normal people and decision-makers. Its quite readable and an important contribution to climate solutions in an optimistic, can-do mode.