Read The Caucasian Chalk Circle by Bertolt Brecht Eric Bentley Online

the-caucasian-chalk-circle

Few authors have had such a dramatic effect as Bertolt Brecht. His work has helped to shape a generation of writers, theatergoers, and thinkers. His plays are studied worldwide as texts that changed the face of theater.The Caucasian Chalk Circle is a parable inspired by the Chinese play Chalk Circle. Written at the close of World War II, the story is set in the Caucasus MoFew authors have had such a dramatic effect as Bertolt Brecht. His work has helped to shape a generation of writers, theatergoers, and thinkers. His plays are studied worldwide as texts that changed the face of theater.The Caucasian Chalk Circle is a parable inspired by the Chinese play Chalk Circle. Written at the close of World War II, the story is set in the Caucasus Mountains of Georgia. It retells the tale of King Solomon and a child claimed by and fought over by two mothers. But this chalk circle is metaphorically drawn around a society misdirected in its priorities. Brecht's statements about class are cloaked in the innocence of a fable that whispers insistently to the audience.No translations of Brecht's work are as reliable and compelling as Eric Bentley's. These versions are widely viewed as the standard renderings of Brecht's work, ensuring that future generations of readers will come in close contact with the work of a playwright who introduced a new way of thinking about the theater....

Title : The Caucasian Chalk Circle
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 9780816635283
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 136 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

The Caucasian Chalk Circle Reviews

  • Helen Ροζουλί Εωσφόρος Vernus Portitor Arcanus Ταμετούρο Αμούν Arnum
    2019-02-19 08:50

    Επιφανειακά είναι ένα υπέροχο παραμύθι. Εσωτερικά του κύκλου με την κιμωλία υπάρχουν κρυμμένα ένοχα κοινωνικοπολιτικά στοιχεία που συνυπάρχουν σε όλο τον κόσμο και είναι εκ διαμέτρου αντίθετα. Μέσα σε αυτή την πολύ ανθρώπινη ιστορία αποτυπόνονται με διδακτικό και ψυχαγωγικό τρόπο οι ταξικές διαφορές: Χρυσά παλάτια και χωμάτινα καλύβια. Οι κοινωνικές διαφορές: πλούσιοι,δυνατοί,ανώτεροι,ξιπασμένοι,αναίσθητοι,δόλιοι,οσφυοκάμπτες,σφουγγοκωλάριοι και φτωχοί,πεινασμένοι,οργισμένοι,αδικημένοι,τίμιοι,φοβισμένοι,έρμαια στους δυνατούς του κόσμου που ορίζουν τα πάντα και τα διεκδικούν με οποιοδήποτε τίμημα. Οι φυσικές διαφορές του "ζωϊκού" βασιλείου: άνθρωποι με συνείδηση και ψυχή και τοξικοί αχυράνθρωποι. Στο προκείμενο,Οι κάτοικοι ενός κατεστραμμένου χωριού στον Καύκασο φιλονικούν μεταξύ τους για την αξιοποίηση της γης. Όταν καταφέρνουν να βρουν μια δίκαιη λύση καλούν κάποιους καλλιτέχνες για να το γιορτάσουν. Αυτοί μας αφηγούνται μια παραμυθένια ιστορία με κινεζικές ρίζες. Ο τίτλος: ο κύκλος με την κιμωλία. Σε μια χώρα μακρινή υπήρχε ένας σπουδαίος βασιλιάς και μια αξιοθαύμαστη βασίλισσα που κυβερνούσαν το λαό μέσα απο ένα αμύθητου πλούτου παλάτι. Είχαν αυλικούς, φρουρούς,υπηρέτες,μάγειρες,πιστούς συμβούλους του βασιλιά και όλα τα καλά. Είχαν και ένα παιδάκι. Ένα μωρό πρίγκιπα τόσο ακριβοθώρητο που πάντα τον συνόδευαν οι βασιλικοί γιατροί. Ξέσπασε επανάσταση στη χώρα αυτή και το παλάτι κινδύνευε με ολική καταστροφή απο τους επαναστάτες που σκότωναν και έκαιγαν αδιακρίτως. Όταν σκότωσαν το βασιλιά και έβαλαν φωτιά στο παλάτι η βασίλισσα κατάφερε να ξεφύγει και να σωθεί. Έσωσε και ότι πολυτιμότερο είχε απο ρούχα και κοσμήματα,όμως ξέχασε να πάρει το παιδί της φεύγοντας. Μια υπηρέτρια σώζει το μωρό και με κίνδυνο της ζωής της το κουβαλά μαζί της σε διάφορα μέρη που αναζητά ασφάλεια και τροφή. Περνούν μαζί πολλές κακουχίες και η μικρή υπηρέτρια αγαπάει βαθιά αυτό το απροστάτευτο πλασματάκι. Κάνει πολλές θυσίες για να το μεγαλώσει και φτάνει σε σημείο να παντρευτεί κάποιον ξένο που δεν αγαπάει για να έχει κοινωνική υπόληψη. Όταν τελειώνει ο πόλεμος, η "πολύπαθη" βασίλισσα αναζητά το ξεχασμένο της παιδί και την περιουσία που του αναλογεί ως νόμιμου κληρονόμου. Η υπηρέτρια αρνείται να το δώσει και καταλήγουν στο δικαστήριο. Η υπηρέτρια είναι η επιτομή της ανθρωπιάς και της μητρότητας. Ο δικαστής είναι η επιτομή της λαϊκής σοφίας και της άγρυπνης συνείδησης. Είναι ένας περιστασιακός δικαστής που παλεύει ενάντια στο άδικο και τις πουλημένες και εκφυλισμένες ζωές. Μόλις αποκαθίσταται η ισορροπία και το δίκαιο, παρόλο που νικά η καλοσύνη και η αγάπη,ο σοφός και αγνός περιστασιακός δικαστής χάνεται κάπου μέσα στον ρομαντισμό του. Ίσως μαζί του χάνονται και όλες οι αξίες...Καλή ανάγνωση.

  • Boorrito
    2019-03-08 11:00

    What I learnt from this book: rich people suck, poor people suck, war sucks, society sucks, socialism isn't bad and fruit farms are the future.

  • Anna
    2019-02-28 12:06

    Απλό, μεστό, λιτό, κατανοητό, αριστούργημα!!

  • Czarny Pies
    2019-03-13 08:39

    Bertolt Brecht considered himself to be a great author which is not terribly surprising as most people are at least partially self-delusion. What is more surprising is how many people agreed with Brecht's high opinion of himself during the middle decades of the Twentieth Century. In fact Brecht had a wicked sense of humour and a great instincts on how to use the space on the stage to best effect. As a result he produced a number of highly entertaining plays that had audiences laughing in the four corners of the world.The Caucasian Chalk Circle is an amusing fairy tale set in the Georgian Caucasus about the judgements rendered by the village idiot that an invading army has installed as a magistrate as a joke. Not too surprisingly the village idiot proves to an excellent judge during his very short term. If properly staged, the Caucasian Chalk Circle is extremely funny and offers a great evening at the theatre. You might want to consider taking in a performance if the opportunity ever presents itself.

  • Elizabeth
    2019-02-23 12:51

    Tackling a Brecht script takes a lot of patience and time! His writing is complex and fluid and yet the embedded symbolism takes time to unravel and reflect on! This is one play I would love to see on the stage!

  • Nickolas the Kid
    2019-03-04 08:54

    Η ιστορία του βασιλιά Σολομώντα και των 2 γυναικων τοποθετημένη στην περίοδο του τριαντακονταετή πολέμου και δοσμένη αριστοτεχνικά απο τον Μπρεχτ... Το βιβλίο περιλαμβάνει και μια διασκεδαστική ιστορία "Τραυματισμένος Σωκράτης"!!

  • Zebardast Zebardast
    2019-02-28 13:42

    من عشق برشت هستم دربست! از ابتدای آشنایی تا همین الان:)

  • Jonfaith
    2019-02-23 12:49

    When the sharks the sharks devourLittle fishes have their hour.This might be the Master at his finest, remarkably both modern and ancient, timeless parables are bracketed in the struggle against fascists with an all too human squalor that likely made Stalin squeal. The play within the play is apparently from an ancient Chinese tale, it proved unexpectedly surprising. Grusha is a wonderful, highly developed protagonist, unlike the Portia of Venice, her motivation isn't guile but an almost childish concept of loyalty and justice. No doubt Brecht embraced this unlikely refuge even as the world around him was collapsing into barbarism. The title refers to the Chinese story of a judge placing a child in a chalked circle and the two women claiming to be the mother are asked to remove the child, the nominal reason being that only the true parent could extricate the young one. As the reasoning goes the judge awards the child to the woman who didn't attempt to remove the child for fear of harming it. This is replicated by Brecht with certain human caveats about the stewards of justice and the greasing of palms.

  • Laura
    2019-03-06 12:45

    I saw a production of this but I have not read it yet. Brecht's ideas are abstract and they kept me wondering about the fairy-tale like quality. Grusha, a servant working for a snobbish aristocratic woman (Natella), cares for the child (Michael) who Natella left behind. Grusha is selfless and she gives everything she can to him. When the case is brought to court with the judge named Azdak, the chalk circle is drawn to put the child in. Brecht's ideas intrigued me here. Grusha and Natella are asked to pull at him to see who is the real mother. Grusha is the true mother because she could not bear to hurt the child she raised and cared for. This play is not about emotions. It is supposed to be unsentimental. I liked it for its historical context and its ideas, because it was meaningful. The play was originally written in German and it premiered in the United States in 1948.

  • Rhys
    2019-03-16 07:49

    Perhaps the best Brecht play I have read so far (though they have all been good). There is something particularly engaging about the two main characters, Grusha and Azdak. Although the message of the play is supposedly very straightforwardly "Socialist" I always feel that Brecht is never quite so obviously simple as that. The writing is amazing and the songs always add to the impetus rather than detract from it.

  • Nadja
    2019-02-26 06:39

    Es scheint als wurde der Herr Brecht in seinem Alter ein bisschen "gefühlsduselig" (view spoiler)[(ein Happy End bei Brecht?? wow). (hide spoiler)] Aber sonst immer noch Alles beim Alten: alle Geschehen sind noch schön im lieben Marxismuskleid eingepackt. (inkl. Songs und Stück im Stück Parabel)

  • Ana Sanz
    2019-03-06 11:50

    I finished reading this a couple weeks ago for my Theatre class and yes, it's that genius Brecht whom everyone has heard of yet no one quite understands. Brecht's works and techniques aiming to completely and utterly emotionally isolate the audience of his plays create confusion as to how the characters should act or whether they should act at all and they SHOULD. The Caucasian Chalk Cirle threads together two conflicts regarding the ownership of farmed land after the second world war, and uses sly morals to show how power drives people to do insane things as in the ancient Chinese tale "The Circle of Chalk" (Brecht's plays usually used ideas from ancient fables). By confusing you with things like having the characters refer to themselves in third person, the sudden gestures and expressions (gestus), Brecht truly accomplishes a state of uneasiness, making the reader (audience, better put) question what they're seeing and encouraging a thought process that evaluates the nature of our system. This man is suave af.

  • Cemre
    2019-03-18 12:53

    Eski zamanların birinde Devlet Tiyatroları genelde başarılı kadrolarla iyi oyunları sahnelermiş. Cemre de bu zamanların birinde Erzurum DT’den izlemiş Kafkas Tebeşir Dairesi’ni, çok da sevmiş. Bir gün bir sahafta görmüş oyunu, hemen almış. Bugün de okumuş, kim bilir belki de izlemekten zevk aldığından okumaktan da bir o kadar zevk almış.Erzurum DT demişken, yaklaşık bir ay kadar önce Erzurum DT binasında çıkan yangına ne kadar üzüldüğümü belirtmem lazım. Erzurum DT, başarılı işler sahneye koyan devlet tiyatrolarından. Umarım en kısa zamanda yanan binalarından çok daha iyisi inşa edilir ve başarıyla oyunlarını sahnelemeye devam ederler!

  • Ahmad Sharabiani
    2019-03-16 14:49

    Der kaukasische kreidekreis=The caucsian chalk circle, Bertolt Brechtعنوان: دایره گچی قفقازی؛ اثر: برتولت برشت؛ برگزدان از متن آلمانی: مجید سمندریان؛ تنظیم اشعار: فروغ فرخزاد؛ مشخصات نشر: تهران، گام، چاپ سوم 1335، در 131 ص، موضوع: نمایشنامه های نویسندگان آلمانی قرن 20 معنوان: دایره گچی قفقازی؛ اثر: برتولت برشت؛ مترجم: م. امین موید؛ مشخصات نشر: تهران، رز، چاپ دوم 1351، در 176 ص، فروست: در قلمرو نمایش، موضوع: نمایشنامه های نویسندگان آلمانی قرن 20 مماجرای همان داوری سلیمان نبی ست در باره کودک و دو مادر که یکی مدعی کودک است و دیگری مادر کودک

  • Tannaz
    2019-03-11 07:06

    هرگز این همخوانی تئاترش یادم نمی روددنیا تماشاخونست تماشاییش فراوونههرکسی جای خودشهاما عدالت وارونستسال ۷۷سالن تئاتر اصلی تئاتر شهر

  • Tasniem Sami
    2019-02-26 08:37

    لماذا يكون التغريب حاجة اساسية في المسرح الملحمي ؟ التغريب مطلوب لجعل الاشياء مفهومة لانه عندنا تكون الاشياء واضحة بذاتها لا تكون هناك حاجة للفهم ؛ القاء ضوء الفهم علي ما يبدو "طبيعياً" فبهذا يمكن لقوانين العلة والمعلول ان تتضح حيث لابد للشخصيات ان تتصرف كما كانت تتصرف ، وكان عليها في الوقت ذاته ان تقدر علي التصرف بطريقة اخري عقد بريشت مقارنة بين المتفرج في المسرح الدرمي والتفرج في المسرح الملحمي المتفرج في المسرح الدرامي يقول :نعم هذا ما شعرت به هكذا انا .ذلك طبيعي.ان عذاب هذا الانسان يهزني لانه لا مفر منه .هذا فن عظيم .كل ما فيه واضح بذاته .انا ابكي مع الباكين واضحك مع الضاحكين.اما المتفرج في المسرح الملحمي فيقول :لم اكن اظن ذلك ،لا ينبغي للناس ان يفعلوا اشياء كهذه ،لابد من وضع حدٍ لهذا ان عذاب هذا الانسان يهزني ؛لانه قد تكون وسيلة للافلات منه ،هذا فن عظيم .ليس كل شيء واضحاً اني اضك من الباكين ،ابكي علي الضاحكين من هنا تلازم المسرح الملحمي شُبهة الاخلاقية ، يكون المُشاهد محملاً بقيم ب"طاقة" لذلك اعتبره بريشت مسرحاً تعليمياً

  • Eadweard
    2019-03-18 12:04

    Taking place right after WWII, in the Caucasus region, but most of it actually being told as a story within the play (which is set a few centuries in the past?). While the actual play is inspired by an old chinese drama.

  • Alicia
    2019-03-03 07:41

    I am, clearly, missing something. The only thing reading this play gave me was a headache. War sucks, but I think that has always been a given. I didn't nee this play to know that. Also, one play is enough of a challenge without the play within a play debacle.

  • Ali
    2019-03-14 10:52

    دایره گچی قفقازی از مهم ترین نمایش نامه های تیاتر حماسی برشت و یکی از آخرین آنها در دوران هجرت او در آمریکاست. در این اثر برشت از تیاتر در تیاتر هم بهره برده است. واقعه که در انتهای جنگ دوم جهانی در شوروی رخ می دهد، توسط یک گروه دوره گرد نوازنده و خواننده روایت می شود. هسته ی اصلی واقعه در طول ده ها صحنه و واقعه ی دیگر، بر سر تصاحب یک طفل می گذرد، و کشمکش میان مادر اصلی و کسی که طفل را نجات داده و با مرارت بزرگ کرده است. کودتایی در منطقه روی داده، فرمانداری از کار برکنار شده، گردنش را زده اند. همسر فرماندار با عجله برای سفر آماده می شود، انگار نه انگار که شوهرش را از دست داده، و فرزندش میکائیل را هم جا می گذارد. گروشا، خدمتکاری که با کودک تنها گذاشته شده، سرپرستی کودک را بعهده می گیرد و از همان لحظه برای حفاظت او از مصیبت های متعدد، به هرجا می رود و بهرکاری تن می دهد، حتی یک ازدواج اجباری تا بتواند کودک را حفظ کند. اما وقایع به گونه ای پیش می رود که پس از مدتی همسر فرماندار قبلی باز می گردد و کودکش را از گروشا می خواهد. دادگاهی تشکیل می شود و طی وقایعی، ابتدا حکم می کنند که مادر طفل، همسر فرماندار قبلی ست و میکائیل متعلق به اوست. در کشمکش های بعدی و شهادت شهود، قاضی تازه به نام آزدک که از سوی فرماندار فعلی منصوب شده، به یک حیله ی قدیمی قفقازی (قضاوت سلیمان) متوسل می شود، این که دایره ای با گچ می کشند و کودک میان آن می گذارند. قاضی آزدک می گوید مادر واقعی آن است که کودک را از وسط دایره بکشد و ببرد، و اگر دو طرف هم زور بودند، می توانند بچه را نصف کنند و هرکدام نصفش را بردارند. همسر فرماندار سابق می پذیرد اما گروشا تن به این بازی نمی دهد چون حاضر نیست به میکائیل لطمه ای وارد شود. آزدک قاضی اعلام می کند که مادر واقعی گروشاست. در انتها خواننده ی گروه موسیقی می خواند؛ زمین به کسی می رسد که از آن بهتر نگهداری کند و میوه ی بیشتری حاصل کند، نه به صاحبان قبلی آن...

  • Marie
    2019-03-11 13:56

    Soviet landlords and workers argue about who's the right owner of the land. A marxist discussion which the workers will win in the end. To pronise us the illusion of an objective topic solved in an objective manner, Bretch employs a play inside the play technique with roots in the ancient chinese legend of the chalk circle, which is a lot like its widely known counterpart in the judeochristian tradition: the story of King Salomon.It's a sugar coated version, Marx'd up version of The Augsburg Chalk Circle. Like the biblical episode that has been previously mentioned, both mothers are told to do something that could hurt the baby: a circle of chalk will be traced on the floor and the kid will be put in the middle, the two mothers should pull from his arms, and the one who manages to defeat the other can keep it. The adoptive mother refuses, showing compassion and caring for the state of the baby, and this will be the motive for which the judge that doesn't seem to care about law but what is fair in the end will consider that she is the indicated one (though Brecht kind of forgot that not every law is innherently bad)

  • Vernon Goddard
    2019-02-27 06:50

    I once acted in a powerful production of Brecht's satirical masterpiece in, of all places, Kampala, UgandaI suppose the play can be summarised as follows: The city burns in the heat of civil war and a servant girl sacrifices everything to protect an abandoned child. But when peace is finally restored, the boy's mother comes to claim him. Calling upon the ancient tradition of the Chalk Circle, a comical judge sets about resolving the dispute. But in a culture of corruption and deception, who wins?Well, you can probably guess the ending and I won't spoil it for you. It is a brilliant play and when performed in a country as corrupt as Uganda was in 1965/66 and at a time of civil war it becomes even more poignant!!!!!!!!!!

  • pax
    2019-03-03 11:47

    Aaaah, Herr Brecht, ich weiß, was Sie mit diesem Stück tun. Und trotzdem: ich falle darauf hinein, immer wieder.Ich liebe die Figuren, die jemand, die auch nur ein wenig mit der Folklore der ehemaligen Sowjetunion vertraut ist, sofort kulturell zuordnen kann. Und ich liebe diesen Hintergrund, so wunderbar eingearbeitet. Und die Sprache, natürlich die Sprache.(Wo kann ich jetzt das Stück bitte richtig gut umgesetzt auf der Bühne sehen? Wird es überhaupt noch gespielt?)

  • Maxwell
    2019-03-19 12:36

    This was a very strange play. It follows the old story of two women forced to prove they're the mother of a child by fighting over it, and the true mother won't harm the child. It was a sort of play within a play, with a chorus of singers and poetry woven into it, which I enjoyed, but it seemed to be very disjointed plot wise. I'll be interested to discuss this in class to hopefully illuminate my understanding.

  • Jimmakos Gavagias
    2019-03-19 11:37

    It is amazing the ability that some writers have to compress in a very short story a very strong message. It's also a good reminder of what writting is,simple things,powerfull message,unexpected ending. You don't need anything else no fancy writting no blood no sex. PS. In this adition there is also a short story called the injury of Sokrates. Brecht succeds to make us understand that you can win and be lost and you can lose and be a winner.

  • Persia
    2019-02-28 14:06

    گروشه:میتونم بفهمم که میخواهید غائله رو زود ختم کنید. چون که دیدم ازشون -پول- گرفتین.آزداک: پوزتو ببند.مگه از تو گرفتم؟گروشه:من نداشتم که ازم بگیرین.آزداک:کاملا درسته.از شما گدا گشنه ها که چیزی نمیگیریم.پس لابد باید از گشنگی میمردم؟شماها عدالت میخواین.اما پولشو میدین؟ وقتی از قصاب گوشت میخرین میدونین که باید پول بدین.اما پهلوی قاضی همون جور میرین که به مجلس مرده خوری!

  • Susan
    2019-02-23 11:01

    Teaching in Modern Drama

  • Verena
    2019-03-11 13:57

    Mr Brecht & I certainly never gonna be friends.

  • Seth Holler
    2019-02-20 13:36

    Reading this play because one of my composition students wants to write about it.

  • Katie Greenwood
    2019-03-14 15:05

    Once again this was as easy to read as wading through porridge. The concept was interesting but that is all I enjoyed about this play. In all honesty I'm not particularly fond of Brecht's theatre in general. He loathed theatre that did nothing but provided entertainment, 'after dinner theatre' he called it. Instead he wanted his audience to leave thinking, questioning and did everything in his power to reiterate that this was simply a production. The Caucasian Chalk Circle, therefore, in my opinion attempts to be smart without much impact. I didn't want to start a revolution. I didn't feel anything other than dear god why are there still so many pages left. In fact I can't tell you what happens, because I can't remember what happens. Nor can I clearly remember who is who because they have multiple names and none are used consistently. I know there was a cook that saved a child but then the child's birth mother appeared back on the scene and wanted her baby back. So they did the whole pull the child whoever pulls it out of this chalk circle wins and is the mother etc. Basically, it's a little Jeremy Kyle-esque. It's unfair to say I hated this...because I didn't. Every book I read for my degree I loathe a little bit. Mainly because I haven't read a book for pleasure in such a long time now and my TBR pile has become a mountain range...

  • Project
    2019-02-22 10:56

    I read this back when i was in HSC, about a million years ago. It was interesting to come back to it after all that time.[return][return]Way back then, we were told that it was about land ownership and socialism, but it turns out that that's not the case. In fact, to quote the rather helpful introductory comments by the legendary Eric Bentley: "The Caucasian Chalk Circle is not an inquiry into the dispute over ownership presented in the prologue but a celebration of the assignment of the land to 'those who are good for it'."[return][return]Which is a little more socialist than our teachers were probably prepared to countenance back in them Cold War days.[return][return]I'm also pretty sure that i attended a performance of the play - during my wildly radical University days - in which there was not only a prologue, but an epilogue, too, in which the actors broke the fourth wall and polled the audience to see what should happen with the valley.[return][return]According to Legendary Eric: "That, however, is politically ludicrous, if it means, as it would have to, that Soviet planners depend upon folksingers in the way that some other leaders depend upon astrologers."[return][return]So, while we were led to believe that the essence of Brechtian drama was for the audience to decide: "In this type of play there should be no doubt as to what is going to happen, only as to how and why."[return][return]Awesome.[return][return]So now i'm slightly less sure of what Brechtian drama actually is, based on the fact that everyone seems to have a different opinion.[return][return]Nevermind. Azdak is still the funniest character in a mid-20th Century socialist drama by a long chalk. He reminds me of Groucho Marx.[return][return]No pun intended.